Summary: In all European regions, workers with lower education level had higher risks of leaving paid employment due to disability benefits and unemployment, when compared with those with higher education. From our study, the role of poor health in the exit from paid employment seems to be bigger among individuals with low education level. These results implied policy measures are needed to reduce educational inequalities in exit from paid employment due to poor health.
Year of publication: 2019
Cite this paper: Schuring M, Schram JLD, Robroek SJW, Burdorf A, The contribution of health to educational inequalities in exit from paid employment in five European regions, Scand J Work Environ Health, online-first-article, doi:10.5271/sjweh.3796
This study provides evidence that entering paid employment has a positive impact on self-reported health; thus work should be considered as an important part of health promotion programs among unemployed persons.
Year of publication: 2017
Cite this paper: Scand J Work Environ Health 2017;43(6):540-549
Summary: High exposure to organic solvents increased the risk for disability pension in neurological disorders, and the risk decreased when the use of organic solvents decreased. The painters also had an increased risk of disability pension due to psychiatric disorders, but the causes have to be further investigated.
Year of publication: 2017
Cite this paper:Effect of reduced use of organic solvents on disability pension in painters,
There are considerable variations in the incidence rate of disability pension over time, with different patterns depending on age and diagnosis. Changes in social insurance legislation, as well as in administration processes, seem to influence the variation. But the study also shows variations that do not seem to be associated with social policy reforms and changes. In order to understand the large variety in disability pension incidence rates, the executive role of implementing and applying new rules by social security agents should also be taken into account. Social security officers play a crucial role, as operators in a partly arbitrary system. Although there is pressure to follow the law, abide by political incentives, and provide the best possible welfare for clients, there is also a certain margin for action and decision-making at the administrative, executive level. Thus, our findings raise debate about whether the system includes all policyholders on equal terms or if the system over time is adjusted in relation to varying social/organizational norms, practical considerations, and societal economics rather than medical needs and formal rules, and consequently whether the welfare system fulfills legal certainty.
Year of publication: 2018