To determine the impact of legislation and policy measures that have increased retirement ages across European countries in the past two decades on different pathways to retirement among workers with pre-existing health problems.
Description of work
Data from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) are used to analyse how legislation and policy measures to increase statutory retirement age have influenced the pathways towards retirement among workers with pre-existing health problems. First, a comparative analysis across European countries will be conducted on how legislation and policies (such as employment protection, income support, and disability and pension benefits) have influenced labour market exit through competing exit routes (unemployment, disability benefit, early retirement, economically inactivity). A novel approach is to enrich these datasets with key indicators of legislation and polices from the OECD (employment protection level, active labour market policies) and economic indicators (labour force participation, gross domestic product).
Second, detailed national statistics with repeated cross-sectional data on employment status per age, gender, educational level and type of work in United Kingdom, Netherlands, and Sweden will be used to determine the impact of legislation and policy changes in specific periods for their effects on retirement age among older workers. These analyses will also address how these legislation and policy changes have influenced exit through disability and unemployment as indirect precursors or competing routes for early retirement. Novel econometric techniques will be used, specifically differences-in-differences method and regression discontinuity, as these techniques have shown promising outcomes in earlier policy evaluations.