The overall aim of this project is to quantify the impact of health interventions on the length of paid employment, and in turn, the impact of employment and retirement policies on pathways to retirement with their effects on late-life health. The WORKLONG project has 4 objectives:
Are workers with health problems spending the added years before retirement primarily in paid employment or in disability, unemployment, and early retirement? What is a worker’s ability to remain employed until retirement and how do social welfare systems across European countries influence labour force participation of older workers with health problems?
What are the potential benefits of interventions on strenuous working conditions and on promoting healthier behaviours for a worker’s ability to remain employed? What is the potential extension of working careers due to policies and provisions that support workers with health problems in paid employment?
What are the consequences of retirement at older age for health and health disparities in the years before and after retirement? For whom will retirement (at later age) be beneficial, and for whom will it deteriorate health?
Which investments are advisable to support older workers until statutory retirement age? A cost-effectiveness analysis as well as a cost-benefit analysis will be conducted. The focus is on interventions and policy measures that (i) support workers with health problems to remain in paid employment until statutory retirement age, and (ii) prevent the onset or aggravation of health problems among workers due to working until older age.